四级作文  下载本文

四级作文

(一)

Directions: Write a short essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then comment on Telecom Fraud. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

Telecom Fraud

In the cartoon above, a man is making a phone call, telling the woman that her child is seriouly ill and is staying in hospital now, and she should tranfer the medical expense immediately. But the woman answering the call is suspious of the stranger’s words.

In recent years, China has seen spike in telecom frauds. In some cases, the scammers would tell victims they were involved in a economic case, their bank accounts had been compromised and then advise them to transfer their money to designated “safe” accounts. Other tricks include telling victims they won a lottery or prize, or pretending to be legitimate online sellers, either with a fake website or a fake ad on a genuine retailer site.

Intensified efforts are needed to crack down on telecom fraud. Firstly, people should enhance fraud prevention awareness, and be alert to calls asking for cash or fund transfers. Secondly, government should conduct workshops and trainings to equip the public with knowledge about common tricks used by scammers. Thirdly, more efforts should be made to plug loopholes in supervision in telecom and banking sectors, which are often taken advantage of by fraudsters to easily suceed.

点评:第一段对图片内容进行了描述。第二段指出近几年电信诈骗案件不断增多,

谈及犯罪贩子进行电信诈骗惯用的几个小把戏。第三段结合作者自己观点,就如何打击电信诈骗提出建议。

be suspious of表示对……感到怀疑。scammer与后文的fraudster意思相近,意为“诈骗犯,行骗者”; be involved in表示被卷入,被牵涉其中; designated “safe”

accounts表示指定的“安全”账户; enhance fraud prevention awareness表示提高诈骗防范意识;be alert to表示警惕,后面常接名词; equip sb. with sth. 表示为某人提供某物,用某物武装某人;common tricks 在这里表示惯用伎俩; plug loopholes表示填补漏洞。

(二)

Directions: Write a short essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then comment on the phenomenon that quite a few senior college students skip classes to be more involved in job-hunting. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

In the above picture, only two students attend the class for senior college students, and the teacher is unwilling to give a one-man show, leaving the classroom disappointedly. Meanwhile, seniors are striving to get a job or engaged in their internship outside of the campus. The sarcastic picture reveals a kind of common phenomenon which has been called “Senior Empty Nests”.

The reason why senior college students skip classes for job-hunting is that they are uneasy about job prospects, so they daren’t miss every single chance. Still some think that it is a waste of time to listen to teachers who keep reading the textbook word for word.

I think graduates should be aware of the importance of the last academic year. What they learn during this period of time is an inseparable part of the whole college learning and will be of benefit to them in their career development in the long run. Besides, governments should take measures to solve employment pressure. What’s more, teachers should make their lectures more interesting and beneficial so as to attract those graduates.

点评:第一段首先描述图片内容,然后引出本文要讨论的主题。第二段谈及出现这一现象的两个主要原因:一是就业前景压力大,二是老师上课很无趣。第三段指出大四课程的重要性,指出大学生应该认识到该学年的重要性,看到该学年对他们职业发展的长远意义;另外政府部门必须采取措施缓解就业压力,同时老师调整自身的上课内容,尽量做到生动有趣。 give a one-man show表示唱独台戏;sarcastic表示讽刺的,嘲讽的; job prospects

指的是就业前景;every single chance表示每一个机会;word for word表示逐字逐句;an inseparable part表示不可分割的一部分;in the long run 表示从长远来看;more interesting and beneficial指上课更有趣,更能使学生受益。

(三)

Directions: Write a short essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then comment on the importance of looking at things from different perspectives. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

In the cartoon,two men are quarreling about the number of blocks. One says that there are four blocks while the other says three, and from each of their perspectives, both of them are correct. The picture reveals that we should see things from different perspectives.

By using the same bag of tricks, we can only end up with the same magic show. For getting a new solution, the best way is to change our perspectives. When we explore new angles of a problem, we set our feet on the road to creativity and true innovation.

The same is true about getting along with others. The act of putting ourselves in another person’s shoes has a host of benefits. It makes us more likely to help others, more understanding and charitable about other people’s mistakes, and even more successful when we’re negotiating with someone.

All in all, to be more creative and to create a better, more cooperative world, we need to see things from different perspectives. 点评:文章第一段描述图片中的内容,并在最后一句揭示文章的主题——需要从不同的角度考虑问题。第二段谈到从不同的角度去看问题,就会找到解决问题的新方法。第三段谈到换位思考在人际关系中的运用,谈到与人相处时设身处地为他人着想的必要性。最后一段总结全文——要变得更有创造性,创建更好、更和谐的社会,就必须从不同角度看问题。 reveal表示揭示,透露; end up with表示以……告终,以……结束;set one’s feet on the road to 意为“踏上通往……的道路”; put oneself in another person’s shoes是

一个惯用表达,表示设身处地为他人着想; charitable表示仁慈的,宽容的。

(四)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: A Letter to Helen to apologize for your failure to meet her at Pudong Airport. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

假设你是玛丽,请你给海伦写一封致歉信,内容包括以下几点: 1.告知对方家人紧急送医,故未能接机; 2.告知对方家人病情已稳定,不用担心; 3.提出约见。

Dear Helen,

Hope you can kindly excuse me for my failure to meet you at Pudong Airport yesterday as I have promised.

The reason that I did not show up was one of my family member was sick and should be sent to hospital immediately. On that occasion I have no resason to leave but to stay with him.

Luckily, because of the timely medical treatment, he has come through and feels much better now. Please feel assured about his situation.

Once again, please accept my sincere apology for any inconvenience that I have caused.

Anyway, I would like to give you a gift in person. Would it be convenient for me to drop by this Sunday?

Yours sincerely, Mary

点评:本篇文章要求写一封道歉信,需注意道歉信的书写格式:一般在信件的开始,表达自己的歉意,希望对方能原谅自己;之后解释自己失约的原因,并再次表达歉意;最后提出约见的请求。 excuse既可作名词,也可作动词。作为名词意为借口,道歉;作为动词意为原谅,为……申辩,excuse sb. for sth. 表示因为某事原谅某人,另外表达道歉还能用apologize,其名词形式是apology。show up表示出现,露面。timely medical treatment表示及时的治疗。come through指(健康)恢复。in person表示亲自。

(五)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on “Could online shopping replace in-store shopping?” You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1. 随着互联网技术的发展和网络购物平台的日益完善,越来越多的人选择网上购物;

2. 一些人认为网购将会代替商场购物,商场未来会消失,而另一些人则争辩说商场不可能消失,它有自己的优势; 3. 谈谈你的看法。

With the development of Internet technology and improvement of on-line shopping platform, the last decades witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of people opting for online shopping. Hot discussion has arisen about whether digital sales will overtake shopping at traditional brick and mortar stores.

Some people claim that online shopping will certainly replace shopping in retail stores, and shopping malls will vanish some day. On the contrary, others hold the idea that in-store shopping won’t be replaced since it has its own advantages and has stood the test of time.

As for me, I’m in favor of the latter. It is true that online shopping offers us attractive benefits and convenience, but there certainly exist concerns about its security and the quality of the products purchased online. Besides, malls have excelled at providing shoppers with a sense of discovery and community that online shopping simply lack. Online shopping may be today’s most popular option, but it will never live up to all that the mall delivers.

点评:第一段开门见山,指出网上购物的人越来越多,引发了人们的热烈讨论——网购能否取代商场购物。第二段谈及不同的人对该问题的不同看法。第三段提及作者自己的观点,认为商场购物不会被网购所取代,虽然网购很便捷并且价格便宜,但是对产品安全和质量存在担忧;另外商店能给顾客提供网购所提供的体验,如探索感和社群感。 opt for表示选择,后面一般接名词;表示取代,代替可以用overtake 或者replace。 brick and mortar store指的是实体店;stand the test of time表示经受住时间的考验;in favor of表示赞成,同意;live up to表示达到,不辜负。