如何判断非谓语动词  下载本文

如何判断非谓语动词

1.The church__________(build) by the Americans attracted a lot of visitors. 2.He entered the room, ___________(carry) a book.

3.He closed his book, ____________(stand) up and walked away.

4.If you spend enough time _______________(learn) English, you will make progress.

5.If you go through the book , the characters ___________(describe) by the author will catch your attention easily. 解析:

1.这是简单句,已经有谓语attract,因此build 就要用非谓语,build表被动,故用built.

2.这是简单句,已经有谓语enter, 因此carry 就要用非谓语,carry表主动,故用carrying.

3. 这是简单句,但是有and,是并列谓语,故stand就要用谓语动词,用过去式stood.

4.这是复合句,从句中已经有谓语spend, 故learn要用非谓语动词,spend…..doing sth.,答案用learning.

5.这是复合句,从句中已经有谓语will catch, 故describe要用非谓语,表被动用过去分词described,答案是described

小结:简单句已经有谓语,不是并列谓语,则句中的其它动词用非谓语。 主句和从句中已经有谓语,不是并列谓语,则句中的其他动词用非谓语。